By David Schuyler
As used to be actual of many American towns, Lancaster, Pennsylvania, followed city renewal courses within the postwar years to revitalize a downtown that was once experiencing fiscal decline. because the advertisement and home infrastructure of town decayed, humans and jobs migrated to the suburbs. city renewal was once imagined to make the downtown possible back as a domain for either companies and flats. yet as David Schuyler exhibits in A urban reworked, redevelopment in Lancaster led to extra disasters than successes. starting within the Fifties, the Lancaster Redevelopment Authority applied a finished revitalization application that modified the actual form of town. In trying to solidify the retail features of the normal valuable company district, redevelopment dramatically altered key blocks of the downtown, changing good-looking turn-of-the-century Beaux Arts constructions with modernist concrete bins and a sterile public sq.. the method for disposing of density and blighted structures led to the demolition of entire blocks of dwellings and, possibly extra very important, destabilized Lancaster's African American group. A urban reworked is a compelling exam of a northern urban suffering from its heritage and the legacy of segregation. however the redevelopment initiatives undertaken by way of the town, even though bold, couldn't conquer the suburban progress that keeps to sprawl over the geographical region, or the styles of residential segregation that outline urban and suburb. while the Redevelopment Authority ceased working in 1980, its legacy used to be a urban with a declining economic system, excessive degrees of poverty and joblessness, and an expanding focus of racial and ethnic minorities - a urban a great deal in danger. In very important methods what occurred in Lancaster was once the fabricated from federal regulations and nationwide tendencies. As Schuyler observes, Lancaster's adventure is the nation's drama performed on an area level.
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Extra resources for A City Transformed: Redevelopment, Race, and Suburbanization in Lancaster, Pennsylvania 1940-1980
Chapter 1 26 5/14/02 1:53 PM Page 26 Much of the building stock of the southeast quadrant did in fact warrant upgrading. Eighteenth- and nineteenth-century buildings that lined the streets of the southeast were, by the 1950s, aging and in many instances deteriorating. The text accompanying the Residential Security Map of Lancaster, prepared in March 1933, had described the southeast as an industrial and residential area that “holds practically all the aliens and negroes of the city.
Despite the efforts of health officials, the city did not formally adopt a comprehensive housing code until February 16, 1960, as part of its federally mandated Workable Program for urban renewal. The absence of a housing code during the 1950s was a telling indicator of the lack of a modern administrative structure in the city: Lancaster’s leaders had not yet adopted national standards for housing, and the city’s planning commission did not have the professional expertise to prepare such a code.
The fourteen properties owned by Gottleib were vacated by July 1, 1957, while Striver negotiated an additional month to find an alternative place of residence. 21 On July 10, 1957, a clam-shell scoop crane began demolishing Barney Google Row. B. F. Charles, who had retired from the Health Department, was present with a movie camera to record the scene. “At last the day has arrived,” Charles told a reporter. “I worked twenty years to accomplish this. ” Equally excited were dozens of young boys who watched the crane level house after house from the top of the row to the bottom.
A City Transformed: Redevelopment, Race, and Suburbanization in Lancaster, Pennsylvania 1940-1980 by David Schuyler