A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform: Evaluating the - download pdf or read online

By Daniela Giannetti, Bernard Grofman

ISBN-10: 1441972277

ISBN-13: 9781441972279

ISBN-10: 1441972285

ISBN-13: 9781441972286

In the early Nineties, significant electoral reforms came about in either Italy and Japan; every one changed a kind of “proportional illustration” (in which electorate solid a poll for a celebration checklist) with a “mixed member” process (in which citizens solid ballots for person applicants and occasion lists). The reforms have been enacted via political elites within the context of divisions in the dominant get together, altering styles of celebration help, and occasion splits, in efforts to keep energy whereas responding to fees of corruption, clientelism, and absence of responsibility. The studies of either international locations offer a laboratory during which to enquire the results and implications of the reforms, and, extra extensively to research voter habit within the context of institutional swap. The creation presents an outline of post-WWII politics and electoral reform in Italy and Japan. In all the next 4 chapters, experts in Italian and eastern electoral politics are teamed as much as evaluation info either ahead of and after the reforms. inside of this comparative framework, the authors discover such subject matters as alterations in celebration pageant, candidate choice mechanisms, and intra-party politics. The concluding bankruptcy considers the longer-term consequences—both expected and unanticipated—of the reforms. regardless of superficially related stipulations, the consequences within the nations have been dramatically diverse: in Japan, the recent method has taken carry, with minor variations, whereas in Italy, there has been a reversion to a proportional illustration approach. because the essays during this quantity display, to appreciate why related reforms had such varied results within the international locations we needs to learn how electoral structures are embedded in broader institutional and social preparations, and think about the advanced interaction of political geography, political background, and the rational calculations of political actors.

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Additional resources for A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform: Evaluating the Long Run Consequences of 1990s Electoral Reform in Italy and Japan

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14 In 1996, the Northern League did not join any PEC. Its territorial concentration allowed the party to be competitive in many SMDs in northern Italy. 26 A. Di Virgilio and J. 23%. The south has always been the most competitive area within Italy. In the 1994, 1996, and 2001 elections, more than 50% of SMDs in this area were competitive districts. Until 2006, bipolarism in Italy had been fragmented. Party lists in the PR tier between 1994 and 2006 reveal that both the ENEP and the ENPP were relatively high (around five).

Italy is no exception to this trend. The data show important changes in the composition of the labor force over time and a decline in church attendance since the mid 1970s (Sani and Segatti 2002; Pisati 2000). In postwar Italy, levels of voter participation were second only to Austria. However, after 1976, this high level of participation began to decline in line with trends in many other established democracies (note Franklin 2004). More specifically, abstention and the casting by Italian voters of blank ballots increased steadily from about 2% in the early 1980s to 18% in 1996 (Bardi 1996; Wellhofer 2001).

From this perspective, Italy is one of the most regionalized political systems in Europe (Caramani 2004, 58–70). Much of the literature on electoral behavior in Italy since 1948 has consistently drawn attention to differences in party support using official data from the 20 administrative regions. However, as noted there is no definitive classification of political areas in Italy. This means that analyses of regional effects are not always strictly comparable because the definition of Italian political regions has often been subjective or dependent on the level of analysis.

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A Natural Experiment on Electoral Law Reform: Evaluating the Long Run Consequences of 1990s Electoral Reform in Italy and Japan by Daniela Giannetti, Bernard Grofman

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