By P. Bernier, G. Bidan, S. Lefrant
This edited paintings includes 8 vast, review-type contributions by way of best scientists within the box of man-made metals. The authors have been invited by way of the organisers of the overseas convention on technology and know-how of man-made Metals '98 (ICSM'98) to check the growth of study long ago twenty years in a unifying and pedagogical demeanour. the current paintings highlights the cutting-edge of the sector and assesses the customers for destiny study.
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Extra resources for Advances in Synthetic Metals
Although chemical oxidation may disrupt the extended conjugation by creating 2,4-linkages, the PATs produced by the FeC13 method are more regular and crystalline than the electrochemically prepared PATs . Despite the limitations and drawbacks of the chemical oxidative polymerization, the FeC13 method continues to be the most widely used and straightforward way to prepare Advances in Synthetic Metals 46 PTs and PATs. The dehydrohalogenation of 2-halothiophenes 101 (scheme 23d) with anhydrous metal halogenids developed by Hotta constitutes still another way to PATs which possess high molecular weight, exhibit high electrical conductivity, and contain very little metallic impurities [ 142].
Its synthesis comprises a smooth carbon-carbon bond formation by a carbanion-carbocation coupling followed by thioalcohol elimination (scheme 19a). This process is readily amenable to the synthesis of the related oligomers and polymers 87 (scheme 19b) . From the structural point of view, PPV can be regarded as a hybrid structure of poly(para-phenylene) and polyacetylene, whereby the formal combination of PPP and acetylene leads to another important structure, the poly(paraphenyleneethynylene) (PPE).
Naphthalene has a different reduction potential from that of benzene and hence allows a modification of the band structure (color tuning). The work of Davidov and Avny demonstrates the possibility of color tuning in LED devices by (i) varying the chemical composition of the copolymers, (ii) controlling the film thickness of the copolymer, and (iii) varying the external applied voltage. Another route to poly(naphthalenevinylene) 69 comprises the ring-opening metathesis reaction (ROMP) of benzobarrelene derivatives 67 followed by oxidation of the soluble precursor polymer 68 (scheme 12) .
Advances in Synthetic Metals by P. Bernier, G. Bidan, S. Lefrant