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By David W. Phillipson

ISBN-10: 0521832365

ISBN-13: 9780521832366

David Phillipson provides an illustrated account of African prehistory, from the origins of humanity via ecu colonization during this revised and accelerated version of his unique paintings. Phillipson considers Egypt and North Africa of their African context, comprehensively reviewing the archaeology of West, East, imperative and Southern Africa. His ebook demonstrates the relevance of archaeological study to realizing modern Africa and stresses the continent's contribution to the cultural historical past of humankind.

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H. habilis none the less shows substantial variability and some authorities consider that its more massive representatives (such as the famous ‘1470’ skull from Koobi Fora, Kenya) should be regarded as a distinct species, for which the name H. rudolfensis has been proposed (Lieberman et al. 1996). 0 million years ago. The rounded skull-vault with a welldeveloped forehead housed a brain which, at about 800 cubic centimetres, was some 70 per cent larger than those of the contemporary P. ) boisei.

75 million years ago, represents both physically and culturally a 20 afric an archaeolog y major advance from the preceding hominids, whether australopithecine or Homo habilis. In recognition of this, use of the terms ‘person’ and ‘people’ is here restricted to H. ergaster and later humans. A recent development has been the adoption of the phrase ‘anatomically modern people’ in place of the Linnaean designation Homo sapiens or H. s. sapiens. While, in view of the problems outlined above, this abandonment of Linnaean classification might be welcomed, it must be questioned whether the new term has actually improved understanding.

In this book, the attempt has been made to restrict use of such functional terms to cases where there is good evidence as to the use to which artefacts were originally put, although it is recognised that some element of subjectivity necessarily remains. Next, it is necessary to define some parameters. This is particularly important in the present chapter which attempts to discuss the initial processes of both physical and cultural evolution by which humans came to be differentiated from other animals.

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African Archaeology by David W. Phillipson


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