By Joshua D. Freilich
Freilich makes an attempt to figure out why a few states have larger degrees of defense force job than others. targeting the years 1994-1995, he unearths that cultural factors—not fiscal conditions--are relating to degrees of defense force similar task. specifically, states with reduce degrees of woman empowerment and better degrees of paramilitary tradition have been likely to have extra armed forces teams. Conversely, neither fiscal dislocation/social disorganization nor financial prosperity/social integration have been on the topic of the variety of armed forces teams at the country point. those findings recommend that courses looking to preempt military formation by way of delivering fiscal help will now not be triumphant. as an alternative, such courses needs to confront cultural matters to boot.
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Extra resources for American Militias: State-Level Variations in Militia Activities (Criminal Justice (Lfb Scholarly Publishing Llc).)
They assert that the characteristics discussed above do not cause the emergence of the right-wing social movement. Rather, they are the manifestation (or ‘baggage’) of the anxiety and stress felt by individuals experiencing structural and societal changes that result in a decline in the status of these individuals’s groups (see Aho 1990; Lipset and Raab 1970; Lo 1982). Social Movement Theories and the Rise of the Militia Movement 49 Lipset and Raab believe that one of the structural changes that is related to the emergence of right-wing social movements is turmoil in the political system: “Historically, extremist movements are movements of disaffection.
One of Dean’s first actions was to announce that Norm Olson had rejoined the group and had agreed to serve as his senior advisor. Any hope for a resurgence of the group, however, quickly fizzled as Van Huizen and Wayne continued to operate on their own. Furthermore, Olson’s participation proved to be short-lived indeed. In August of 2002 Olson announced that not only had the movement floundered but that he himself had become so disillusioned that he had decided to sell his farm and was planning to move with his family to Alaska (Noga 2002; Olson 2002).
A social movement may then arise to release the strain. McAdam summarizes this view by stating that: “.... the motivation for movement participation is held to be not so much on the desire to attain political goals as on the need to manage the psychological tensions of a stressful social situation.... The social movement is effective not as political action but as therapy” (McAdam 1982: 9-10; see also Hoffer 1951). The collective behavior school characterizes social movement participation as noninstitutional, emotional, irrational, disorganized and unstable behavior.
American Militias: State-Level Variations in Militia Activities (Criminal Justice (Lfb Scholarly Publishing Llc).) by Joshua D. Freilich