By Stewart Howe
As retailing turns into more and more very important in international economics, the similarities and alterations of retailing from kingdom to nation are actually extra obtrusive. This detailed and well timed examine of retail constructions throughout Europe, provides an insightful evaluation of the internationalization of retailing and asks vital questions concerning the effectiveness of other retailing sectors. With chapters on Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Spain and the uk, this modern research examines the level to which Europe's more and more homogenous atmosphere applies to retailing. by way of contemplating total structural and socio-economic variables of country-to-country retailing, it attracts attention-grabbing conclusions on potency and pageant in the ecu Union. an important contribution to the sector of ecu retail stories, this important paintings in comparative laws is key examining for an individual learning retailing at postgraduate or undergraduate point or with an curiosity in comparative economics.
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Additional info for Retailing In The European Union: Structures, Competition and Performance
In terms of size these are at the opposite ends of the spectrum. The development of hypermarkets and superstores has been a gradual process. The two key players have been the Co-operative Movement FDB and DSM. Both have had to overcome significant difficulties, which the planning authorities have imposed on all retailers. However, most proposals have eventually been allowed. As a rule of thumb it has been suggested that every time a hypermarket opens – either FDB’s Obs! or DSM’s Bilka – that store takes one percentage of the Danish grocery market.
The members of Congress, often representing single-shop Cooperative Societies, make demands to have the same prices as the volume-related trading terms which FDB can command. Such demands make it almost impossible to run different business formats side by side efficiently. ) or discount stores (Fakta). These and other aspects of the democratic structure of Congress makes it almost impossible for the Co-operative Movement to compete with DSM. DSM for its part has never had that problem in that the different store formats have their own buying teams who make sure that the group’s different store formats compete with each other.
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Retailing In The European Union: Structures, Competition and Performance by Stewart Howe